The Different Types of Civil Engineering Jobs to Start Your Career
Civil Engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines. It would not be wrong to say that its history dates back to the first time somebody built a shade to protect himself/herself from the rain or the first time somebody laid down a tree trunk to cross a river.
With infrastructure playing a crucial role in the overall progress of a country’s economy in the present day, civil engineering is considered to be one of the most important engineering fields. Thus, the demand for civil engineers has also gone up. Although civil engineering is broadly divided into two categories – structural designs and construction, many specialized areas have also evolved.
All Types of Civil Engineering Branches To Choose Your Career From
A civil engineer can specialize in different branches of civil engineering and we shall look into those sub-branches of civil engineering and we will try to answer the commonly asked questions like, what is a civil engineer and what exactly does a civil engineer do?
Civil Engineering is one of the highest paying professions and offers a variety of career options. If you are currently pursuing a degree in civil engineering or contemplating a career in the same, here are the various types of jobs you can explore and choose as your career option:
1. Construction Engineering
Construction engineering is a famous branch of civil engineering which involves managing an entire construction project right from planning and execution, to the transportation of materials, and site development.
Despite a formal degree in civil engineering, the job of construction engineers is more business-like in nature. It usually involves drafting and reviewing contracts, gauging logistical operations, and keeping a check on the overall cost of the construction project.
2. Structural Engineering
The work of a structural engineer is to study and analyze structural designs such as buildings, towers, bridges, tunnels, flyovers, offshore structures, etc. A structural engineer is fully responsible for analyzing and designing a structure that will safely bear or resist the stresses, forces and loads.
This field of engineering is concerned with identifying the loads, their corresponding effect on a particular type of structure, and designing a structure that is safe and supports the loads.
3. Surveying Engineering
This branch of civil engineering deals in surveying and leveling using different instruments like total stations, robotics, laser levels, theodolites, transit levels and surveying tripods to shape a particular piece of land.
Surveying and leveling are done to identify and measure property lines for laying out structures for constructions. Generally, this field of civil engineering is classified into two categories– plane surveying and geodetic surveying.
4. Transportation Engineering
Transportation engineering is another branch of civil engineering which is concerned with designing new and maintaining the already existing roadways and public transportation systems.
The major task of a transportation engineer is to design a system or redesign an existing one in such a way that it improves the overall traffic movement patterns, lightens traffic congestion and prevents accidents from happening.
5. Geotechnical Engineering
This civil engineering branch deals with studying the rock and the soil of the area where the civil structures are currently standing or will be planned for construction in the future.
It includes the analysis, design and construction of foundations, slopes, retaining structures, embankments, roadways, tunnels, levees, wharves, landfills and other systems that are made of or are supported by soil or rock.
6. Water Resource Engineering
This type of civil engineering is concerned with the designing and construction of hydraulic structures, including dams, canals, and water distribution system.
The primary job of a water resource engineer is to design and construct a hydraulic structure which will store water and generate electricity. Water Resource Engineers not only design water management systems but also look after the construction and maintenance of these systems as well. It also includes strictly adhering to the necessary implementation and safety precautions.
7. Environmental Engineering
It is a special kind of civil engineering which is directly related to human lives. Increasing environmental issues has given rise to a new field of engineering– environmental engineering.
This branch of engineering deals with developing ways to prevent pollution of the natural environment and conserving highly polluted areas. Its scope also extends to urban planning as well as maintaining the health and safety of the indoor environments.
8. Material Engineering
Civil engineers that are specialized in material engineering work and study the fundamental characteristics of different types of construction materials such as concrete, metals, and thermosetting polymers.
Material engineers apply their knowledge of applied physics and chemistry to study the properties of different materials to produce new materials with desired characteristics.
9. Coastal Engineering
Flooding and Coastal engineering deals in designing and construction of coastal and marine structures such as groynes and embankments. Coastal engineers are responsible for erecting the structures correctly without unsettling its surrounding coastal regions.
The primary job responsibility of a coaster engineer is to design a good structure to protect those who are living around the coaster areas.
10. Forensic Engineering
Forensic Engineering is a branch of civil engineering that is concerned with investigating the reasons why some structures, materials, and components fail.
You can choose one or decide to specialize in a number of different fields. However, the major requirement for pursuing a civil engineering job is to have a strong hold on mathematics and science. Having a post-graduate degree in the field will automatically make you more attractive to the employers and improve your prospects of securing a high paying job. Therefore, it is highly advisable to keep learning to expand your skillset.
What is the average annual salary for a Civil Engineer?
Average Civil Engineer Yearly Salary in the United States:
Civil Engineers earn a normal yearly pay of $74,007 and salaries normally begin from $38,337 and go up to $113,482.
Civil Engineer Hourly Wage in the United States
Structural Engineers procure a normal time-based compensation of $35.58. Time-based compensations normally begin from $18.43 and go up to $54.56.
These numbers may shift contingent upon a few variables, similar to the level of training, a measure of involvement, industry, organization size and area.
Civil Engineer Salary Comparison
Civil Engineers earn more than 17% percent of similar careers in the United States.
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